In 1962, a team of scientists produce a special radio station that had a range of fifteen miles. Even though communication was being accomplished in space at a range of more than a million times this distance, the new radio station caused much excitement among scientist. The reason: its power supply was a ‘battery’ made of bacteria. For the first time, practical amounts of electricity were being produced by a form of life and put to use.

Biocell the new power supply had a liquid fuel containing tiny forms of life that changed the fuel directly into electric energy; this was far more than an interesting experiment. The biocell is being develop as producers of electricity for radio, for signal to guide ship, for lighting and other uses. Though the working biocell is only a few year old, some scientist feels that it will one day produce power cheaply as is now being done by other method, and that the biocell will use materials that would otherwise be consider a waste. Early biocell were powered with sugar, but a wide range of fuel can be used. Work is being done using sea water to feed the bacteria.

Electricity from living cells is no new idea. Man experience the strange shock produce by some fish even before electricity was really discovered. Then in time, there were other discoveries. Benjamin Franklin  found that lightening in the sky was electricity. Luigi Galvani found some electricity in the muscles and nerves of animals, but the African catfish produce far more electricity than most other living creatures. And other fish, the electric eel, well named, for it has an even greater electric charge. Research works also discovered that even humans produce small amount of electricity in their bodies. Our heart produce a very small amount that can be measured, so do our brain. The  biocell is completely new in  the field of power  production and as yet, no mass- production models have begun to replace the older type of batteries. Its  might be wondered, then, what the excitement is all about.

1. Which question paper type of use of English is giving to you ?
(a) Type A
(b) Type B
(c) Type C
(d) Type D

2. The writer’s posture, as conveyed in the statement Electricity from living cells is no new idea, can be describe as
(a) Ineffectual
(b) Contentious
(c) Logical
(d) unguarded

3. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
(a) Scientist felt that biocell would produce very costly energy
(b) Biocell, at the beginning, derived their energy from sugar
(C) Sugar and fuel were initially used as source of energy for biocells
(d) Biocells were forms of power used by the scientists

4. The inventor of bicell justified the need for it by saying that would
(a) develop ways for changing biocell into fuel for use
(b) yield a source of energy without much spending
(c) produce electricity for all type of machines
(d) produce signal to guide all ship and other vessels

5. According  to the passage, electricity was first discover in
(a) heart and brains
(b) muscles of animals |
(c) lightning
(d) fish.


Like a clock with the pendulum in full swing, the mind moves as fast as time. But we ought to mind our thoughts for if they turn to be our enemies, they will be too many for us and will drag us  down to ruin.
but some people may say that they cannot help having bad thought even though they sting like vipers. That may be so, but the question is, do they hate  them or not? We cannot  keep thieves from looking  in at our window, but if we open our doors to them and receive them joyfully, we are as bad as they. We cannot help the birds flying over our head; but we may keep them from building their nets in our hair. Vain thought will knock at the door but we must not open to them. Though bad and evil thought rise in our hearts, they must not be allowed to reign. He who turns a morsel over and over in his mouth dose so because he likes the flavor, and he who meditate upon evil, love it, and is ripe to commit it. Think of the devil, and he will appear, turn your thought toward evil and your hands will soon follow. Snails leaves their slime behind them, and so do vain thought. An arrow may fly through the air, and leaves no trace, but an evil thought always leaves a trail like a serpent.
were there is much traffic of bad thinking, there will be much mire and dirt. Every wave of wicked thought adds something to the corruption which rots upon the shore of life. It is dreadful to think that a vile imagination, once indulge, gets the key of our minds, and can get in again very easily, whether or not we let it in, and what may follow, on one  knows. Nurse evil on the laps of thought, and it will grow into a giant
Therefore; there is wisdom in watching everyday, the thought and imagination of our heart. Good thought are blessed guest and should be welcome, and much sought after, but bad thought must fly out as swiftly as they moved in.

6.which of the following represents the writer’s view in the passage?
(a) evil thought may come but there is virtue in keeping them out
(b) evil thought will continue to sting us likes vipers as long as there are enemies who cause offence
(c) like the pendulum, evil thought will always come to our mind no matter what we do
(d) like most birds, evil thoughts fly swiftly in our minds without perching

7. Which of the following statement represent the view expressed by the writer in the first paragraph?
(a) evil thought will eventually ruin the evil man
(b) if we do not stop the pendulum of thought from swinging, our thoughts will soon become our enemies
(c) To many evil thought leave fatal consequences
(d) it is possible to decide what control our thoughts

8. From the argument in the second paragraph, it can be concluded that evil thought control the lives of people who
(a) Are helpless because they fly out of their minds
(b) cherries idle and slothful ways
(c) are thieves with evil instincts
(d) treasure are nominate on them

9. the expression ‘Think of the devil and he will appear….., as used in the passage suggests that
(a) likes the devil evil thought must not reign in our hearts
(b) evil thought are fantasies which exits only in people’s mind
(c) uncontrolled evil thought may lead to evil deeds
(d) the devil gives evil thoughts only to those who invite him in

10. which of the following statement summarizes the argument of the forth paragraph
(a) heavy traffic on a miry and dirty road may lead to evil thoughts
(b) the more evil we think, the more vile we are likely to become
(c) evil people should not be welcome as guest in our homes the same way we welcome good people
(d) evil thoughts control the key to human heart and no one can keep them out


Though assumption is the lowest level of knowledge; it is still a form of knowledge, and knowledge is key. Assumptions are the foundation upon which interpretation and conclusion are built. Everything in life operate under certain assumptions.
We make management decision based on the assumption we hold about how management ought to function and how people ought to be governed. For some of us, we consciously imbibe assumption and principles about life and consciously decide based on them; for others; it is unconsciously but potent all the same. Our assumption will either drown us or help us soar through life.
We have always seen life as an immense mansion with many rooms.  Some rooms lead to wealth, others to the opposite. Ultimately, we decide where we end up; and  life , thus far,  has proved that not everyone of us decide well, we all behave differently  where we have different level of understanding, and behave the way where our understanding is the same. We eat because we all understand the consequences of not eating. We all wear clothes because each of us comprehends lunacy. The list goes on and on. It is inevitable that some of us will make choice that gets and keep us on the lower rung of the ladder by reason of exposure, training or some others variable. Life is about role playing. We choose our role wisely or foolishly, consciously or unconsciously. Some of us get wiser to new level of self-awareness enough to redefine our role, others make no effort to build further capacity and therefore remain where they are. It is based on those realities that we draw the conclusion that not everyone will be wealthy in life. We lead, inspire and motivate people to strive and succeed. It is also important that we paint the full and true picture of life so that we can discourage vain pursuit. Balance must be enthroned as a critical component of truth, and people know, for instance, that ‘the top’ is not a place that all must ascend.
Our greatest consolation lies in our deep conviction that true prosperity is in fulfillment through hard work than in intangible acquisition. There are set roles that some of us have been wired up to play in life but which we are not content enough to play because society esteems such roles to be inferior. Take the almost scared office of a teacher for instance, there are people who have the natural gifts and inclinations to be school teacher. But teaching profession, as it is, dose not appear to be lucrative. So we have people who could have been more fulfilled and effective working as school teacher serving in banks.

11 According to the  writer, people lead and motivate others because they want to
(a) project individual contribution
(b)encourage selfless service
(c) make the world a home
(d) prevent empty search

12 According to the passage, balance must be enthroned because it is
(a) a critical interdependent function
(b) an amazing help for conscience
(c) a critical part of fidelity
(d) a serious way of ensuring success.

13 The word inclinations, as in the passage means
(a) creeds
(b) tendencies
(c) inhibitions
(d) power.

14.  Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
(a) greatness in life emerges when square pegs are put in round holes
(b) people do certain  things in life because they know the repercussion
(c)people agree on all issues and behave the same way for the same reason
(d) understanding life at different levels gives no account of visible acquisition.

15.   From the passage, it can be inferred that

(a) people insincerely discuss facts that govern their behaviour

(b) all managerial decisions are based on assumptions.

(c) people make conscious effort to acquire hidden knowledge
(d) all things in life exist on some belies.



The passage below has gaps numbered 16 to25. Immediately following each gap, four option are provided. Choose the most appropriate option for each gap.
Believe it or not, change is to human existence what the blood is to the human body. We live in an era of amazing ……16…. [A. well-define, B. fast-paced, c. favorable, D. social]change spawned by advancing technology and industrialization. However, man’s…..17…. [A. Knowledge of, B. attitude to,      C.commitment to, D. opinion of ] promoting and defending change in a deliberate effort to establish ….18… [A customs, B companies, C trade-zone, D variations ] that stimulate advancement for man’s concern is proving unfavorable to the climate with threatening ….19…. [A repercussions B clouds C pressure D implication ] Human-induced climate change has awakened widespread concern across

the globe. As a matter of fact, climate change is now….20….. [A an acceptable B a foremost C the only D the last] globe issue. It is a major test of Africa’s….21… [A popularity B energy c ingenuity D incapability]! The forth Assessment Report (AR4) of the intergovernmental panel of climate change (IPCC) confirm that human action are changing the earth’s climate and creating major disturbance in human….22….[A. geography B society C systems D life]  and ecosystems. The IPCC reports that world has warmed by an average of 0.760c since pre-Industrial times. The rising global …23…. [A command B demand C warning D supply] for energy and the adverse changes on each were commensurate with the level of greenhouse ….24…. [ A structure B paints C emulsion D emissions] it spews out, perhaps Africa would have been spared and would probably be just an amused spectator. But as it, this is not the case. Here again, we see well meaning  global citizen appealing for the rest of the  world to take responsibility for the problem of Arica, a strategy that cannot, thus far, be termed ……25….[A notable B liable C credible D flexible].


In each of questions 26 to 35, select the option that best explains the information conveyed in the sentence.

26. If he were here, it could be more fun
(a) He was expected but did not show up to make the occasion lively.
(b) There was no fun because he was not present.
(c) He did not show up and so the occasion lacked much fun.
(d) He was being expected to supply more fun.

27. The secretary said that the postponement of the meeting was due to unforeseen  circumstances.
(a) The date of the meeting was shifted as a result of unexpected reasons.
(b) The meeting’s date was put off for strange reasons.
(c) The meeting was called off as a result of obstacles hitherto unknown.
(d) The meeting broke off as a result of unusual difficulties.

28. The hunter has a bird’s-eye view of the animals.
(a) He views the animal from a high position.
(b) He views the bird’s eye.
(c) He views the birds on the tree with one eye.
(d) He watches animals and birds closely.

29. Even though Susan was the last in the examination, her result wasn’t too different from what had been expected.
(a) Her result was poor.
(b) Her result was a disappointment.
(c) Her result was as expected.
(d) She had not been serious with her studies.

30. Mrs. Adasu does all her work with more haste, less speed.
(a) She accepts whatever she does with more haste and speed.
(b) She approaches whatever she does hurriedly.
(c) She addresses everything she does very quickly to avoid mistakes.
(d) She does everything carefully to avoid mistakes.

31. She stopped her education as her uncle left her in the lurch.
(a) Her uncle deceived her.
(b) Her uncle disinherited her.
(c) Her uncle refused to help her
(d) Her uncle disrespected her

32. The plan to upgrade the dispensary to a general hospital did not materialize.
(a) The plan did not meet the required specifications.
(b) The arrangement did not work out as wished.
(c) It was difficult to obtained the materials.
(d) The materials purchased ware not the right ones.

33. Okon;s company took a hit last year.
(a) His company improved last year.
(b) His company made a huge success last year.
(c) His company was badly damaged last year.
(d) His company was established last year.

34. My eldest son, who is in Lagos is studying English.
(a) Only my son is in Lagos studying English.
(b) My only son is in Lagos studying English.
(c) One of my son is in Lagos studying English
(d) My sons are in Lagos but only one is studying English.

35. If I went to the village, I would visit the king.
(a) If I go to the village I will visit the king.
(b) I did not go to the village and I did not visit the king
(c) All the times I went to village I also visited the King
(d) I will visit the king when I go to the village

In each of questions 36 to 50, choose the option nearest in meaning to the word or phrases in italics.

36. Since its inception in 1983, the newspaper has attracted thousands of readers.
(a) renaissance
(b) coming
(c) commencement
(d) publication

37. Mrs. Asio wanted her sister to stop being so detached
(a) friendly
(b) careless
(c) indifferent
(d) passionate

38. Lantana dwelt in a ruined cottage on the hillside.
(a) sat
(b) worked
(c) slept
(d) lived

39. The mistake broutgh the show to an ignominious end
(a) a good
(b) a palatable
(c) a disgraceful
(d) a satisfactory

40. He compliments me on my way of doing things.
(a) complements
(b) imitates
(c) disgusts
(d) praises

41. The girl is angry with her friend who had ensnared her into this relationship.
(a) tricked
(b) encouraged
(c) encouraged
(d) forced

42. Their new house was roofed with corrugated sheets.
(a) folded
(b) iron
(c) aluminium
(d) corrupted

43. The stockbroker said it was an astute move to sell the shares then.
(a) a bad
(b) a shrewd
(c) an unprofitable
(d) an insincere

44. The principal described Oche as the most tactful person he had ever worked with.
(a) passionate
(b) discrete
(c) hard-working
(d) innovate

45. The old woman is suffering from dementia.
(a) lucidity
(b) senility
(c) insanity
(d) sagacity

46. Some drugs have deleterious effect on a child’s development.
(a) debilitating
(b) helpful
(c) harmful
(d) healing

47. Fila has always described as belligerent.
(a) beautiful
(b) attractive
(c) combative
(d) innocent

48. Laraba saw a forlorn little figure sitting outside the class.
(a) wise and intelligent
(b) lonely and unhappy
(c) smart and healthy
(d) short and ugly

49. The circular supersedes  all previous correspondence on the matter.
(a) supports
(b) displaces
(c) eliminates
(d) circumvent

50. Her problem was exacerbated by the loss of her father.
(a) exaggerated
(b) solved
(c) aggravated
(d) infuriated

In each of question 51 to 65, choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the word or phrase in italics

51. The warring communities were coerced into negotiation a settlement
(a) driven
(b) compelled
( c) persuaded
(d) pressured

52. His father served as a mercenary in the army
(a) preacher
(b) regular
(c) recruit
(d) officer

53. jummai is cruel to her husband
(a) harsh
(b) brutal
(c) passionate
(d) ferocious

54. The teacher who beat the student was treated with mercy
(a) disrespect
(b) contempt
(c) vengeance
(d) kindness

55. His wife hated his garrulous attitude .
(a) outspoken
(b) unfriendly
(c) reticent
(d) thoughtful

56.Agoshito is a callow youth; said the teacher
(a) An ignorant
(b) An experience
(c) An idle
(d) An organized

57. What you are asking me to do is a herculean task
(a) a strenuous
(b) a demanding
(c) a lovely
(d) an easy

58. Nkechi was a novice when she was first employed
(a) manager
(b) clerk
(c) supervisor
(d) professional

59. ‘ I do not trust him ‘he said, in a rare moment of candor
(a) reproach
(b) dishonesty
(c) frankness
(d) fairness

60. Mrs Akunilo looks anaemic today
(a) strange
(b) sick
(c) weak
(d) strong

61. It is inconceivable that the sun shone in the night
(a) credible
(b) unthinkable
(c) impossible
(d) contestable

62. She only gives a superficial impression of warmth and friendliness
(a) a strong
(b) a fake
(c) a deep
(d) an unrealistic

63. As a prudent businessman, Adayi does not leave anything to chance
(a) A frugal
(b) Shrewd
(c) careless
(d) unsuccessful

64. His antipathy affected the growth of his business
(a) hatred
(b) receptiveness
(c) loyalty
(d) hostility

65. Okonkwo’s lethal right foot did the magic in the football match
(a) Weak
(b) wicked
(c) fat
(d) harmless

In each of question 66 to 85, choose the option that best complete the gap

66. When his car tyre ….. on the way, he did not know what to do
(a) has burst
(b) had burst
(c) bursted
(d) burst

67. lami’s father …. As a gardener when he was young, but now he is a driver
(a) had been working
(b) use to work
(c) has worked
(d) used to work

68. ……. He switches on  the light, the shadow disappears
(b) except
(c) since
(d) until

69. it is important that you clear the refuse in front of your house every ……
(a) fourtnight
(b) fortnight
(c) fourthnight
(d) forthnight

70. The policemen became suspicious as the hoodlums…… in their office
(a) ferreted
(b) ferreted
(c) ferreted about
(d) ferreted about

71. Suara needn’t come with us..?
(a) does she
(b) will she
(c) can she
(d) need she

72. Unoka…. the whole house to find his missing wristwatch
(a) scourged
(c) scored
(d) scouted

73. ife asked me….
(a) what time it was
(b) what is it by my time
(c) what time is it
(d) what time it is

74. There are many ways to kill a rat, so we should be…. In our approach to the task ahead of us
(a) ecletic
(b) eclectic

75. Audu took these action purely…. His own career
(a) on furtherance of
(b) in furtherance of
(c) to furtherance in
(d) in furtherance with

76. Here is Mr. Odumusu who teaches English… in our school
(a) pronuntiation
(b) pronounciation
(c) pronunciation
(d) pronountiation

77. instead of… she lied
(a) pleading
(b) her to plead
(c) her pleading
(d) plead

78. Of the three girls, Uka is the….
(a) so much notorious
(b) notorious
(c) naught
(d) naughtiest

79. I wonder how he will… being absent from school for a long time
(a) make in
(b) make up
(c)make off
(d) make out

80. Please sit on the…
(a) carier
(b) career
(c) carrier
(d) carrear

81. I want to … his chance to acquaint you with the latest development
(a) size
(b) seize
(c) sieze
(d) cease

82. Getting a well paid job nowadays is on….. task
(a) utmost
(b) upbeat
(c) uphill
(d) upfield

83.The secretary has no right to … my affairs
(a) spy from
(b) meddle in
(c) toy at
(d) complain into

84. Bola studiously avoided… the question
(a) parrying
(b) answering
(c) projecting
(d) destroying

85. The school authority dismissed him for …. But I won’t  tell you about it yet
(a) certain reason
(b) a reason
(c) more reason
(d) a certain reason

In each of question 86to88, choose the option that has the same vowel sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined

86, bubble
(a) guy
(b) bull
(c) bumper
(d) gurgle

87. Weight
(a) whale
(b) while
(c) wheat
(d) wrythe

88. Leach
(a) gear
(b) cedar
(c) cheer
(d) death

 In each of question 89 to 91, choose the option that has the consonant sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined

89. Mention
(a) that
(b) machine
(c) church
(d) test

90. Prestige
(a) bag
(b) badge
(c) reggae
(d) leisure

91. Knot
(a) cot
(b) keep
(c) norm
(d) king

In each question 92 to 94, choose the option that rhymes with the given word

92. Fuel
(a) cruel
(b) fool
(c) rule
(d) field

93 match
(a) harsh
(b) batch
(c) such
(d) watch

94. Sheer
(a) Sheila
(b) care
(c) ear
(d) sherry

In each of the question 95 to 97, choose the appropriate stress pattern from the option. The syllables are written in capital letters.
95. Termination
(a) terminaTION
(b) TERmination
(c) termiNAtion
(d) terMInation

96. meditative
(a) meDItative
(b) mediTAtive
(c) Meditative
(d) meditaTIVE

97. Sugestible
(a) suggeSTIble
(b) Suggestible
(c) suGGEstible
(d) suggestiBLE

In each of the question 98 to 100, the word in capital letters has the emphatic stress. Choose the option to which the given sentences relates

98. Uche LOVES Toyota cars
(a) who loves Toyota cars?
(b) What brand of car does uche love?
(c) Does uche hate Toyota cars?
(d) Dose uche love bicycles?

99. the POLICE arrested the suspect
(a) Did the police placate the suspect?
(b) Who arrested the suspect
(c) who did the police arrest
(d) Did the police arrest the suspect

100. Maiduguri is the CAPITAL of Borno state
(a) is Maiduguri the capital of plateau state?
(b) which state is Maiduguri the capital of?
(c) Is Maiduguri a town in Borno state?
(d) What is the capital of Borno state?


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